For Immediate Release
Chinese Economy Drives Metal Production
globally--double the quantity of the late 1970s and more than seven
times as much as in 1950. Trends since the late 1990s have been driven
by the dramatic growth of the Chinese economy. The figure for metals
production includes aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, gold,
lead, mercury, nickel, and steel.
According to the latest Vital Signs snapshot of metals production worldwide:
- China's steel production skyrocketed from 66 million tons in
1990 to 500 million tons in 2008, accounting for 38 percent of the
world's total. The next largest producers in 2008, following at a
considerable distance, were Japan at 119 million tons and the United
States at 91 million tons.
- The energy intensity and carbon
emissions of steel production vary greatly by country. Mills in Italy,
Germany, South Korea, and Japan are among the most energy efficient
worldwide. China contends with old and inefficient facilities but is
making major strides in modernizing its industry.
- A growing
amount of steel is now produced from recycled scrap material, the
result of changing economics and environmental considerations.
Recycling saves 40-75 percent of the energy needed to produce virgin
This new metal production update includes the latest figures on global production of steel and aluminum.
Read the Vital Signs analysis, "World Metal Production Surges," by Michael Renner.
The Worldwatch Institute is an independent research organization recognized by opinion leaders around the world for its accessible, fact-based analysis of critical global issues. Its mission is to generate and promote insights and ideas that empower decision makers to build an ecologically sustainable society that meets human needs.