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Forest Service at Sea on Status of Vast Mineral Rights
Wilderness and Experimental Forests in 34 Eastern States Open to Drilling
WASHINGTON - February 19 - Beset by lawsuits from both industry and environmentalists, the U.S. Forest Service is now pursuing regulations to govern drilling and mining on its lands. The agency's quandary is especially acute east of the Mississippi where large percentages of its wilderness and experimental forests - areas normally not subject to development - sit atop privately-held mineral estates, according to documents released today by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER).
For the past twenty-five years, the Forest Service has not applied any environmental restrictions on private extraction efforts, even in wilderness areas, following a 1983 decision by an Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, its parent agency. As a result, the Forest Service has not imposed the slightest protection for its most ecologically sensitive lands or wildlife from damaging extraction operations.
Dueling lawsuits by both industry and environmentalists concerning thousands of oil and gas wells on the Allegheny National Forest in Pennsylvania prompted the Forest Service on December 29, 2008 to formally solicit public comment on how to craft "regulations to provide clarity and direction on the management of National Forest System surface resources when the mineral estate is privately held". On January 16, 2009, the Eastern Region (Region 9) announced that it would "review all applications for access to reserved and outstanding oil and gas" in each national forest within that 21-state region.
"This hot potato will be gathering steam on the desk of whomever the Obama administration appoints as the next Chief of the Forest Service," stated PEER Executive Director Jeff Ruch, noting that the other major federal land management agency, the Interior Department, already has regulations governing this topic. "The Forest Service has had its head in the sand for the last generation and unless it updates its approach, a federal court will step in to do the job." . In its investigation into oil and gas drilling through karst hibernation habitat for the highly endangered Indian bat on an experimental forest (managed for sylvicultural research) in the Monongahela National Forest in West Virginia, PEER obtained documents indicating that -
- A deputy Interior Solicitor opined that the position of the Monongahela National Forest that the Endangered Species Act did not apply to the drilling operation was "incorrect" and the Forest Service could impose "reasonable conditions and mitigation measures"; and
- The Forest Service controls only a small fraction of the mineral rights beneath wilderness areas and experimental forests in the eastern U.S. For the vast majority of these lands, the 13-state Sothern Region (Region 8) conceded that it had no records identifying who controlled the subsurface estate in response to a PEER Freedom of Information Act request.
"These are the last places on which the Forest Service should turn its back," Ruch added, observing that beyond its natural resource responsibilities, the agency is risking decades of research in its network of experimental forests. "The question is not whether private rights will be honored but in what manner, subject to law."