NEW YORK - March 15 - Saying the government is violating the rights of Americans to
hear constitutionally protected speech, the American Civil Liberties Union and
the New York Civil Liberties Union today asked a federal court to prevent the
Departments of State and Homeland Security from barring a prominent Swiss
scholar from entering the country to speak to American audiences.
In legal papers filed today, the ACLU said the government wrongfully used a
section of the Patriot Act known as the “ideological exclusion” provision to
deny a nonimmigrant visa to Tariq Ramadan, a Swiss citizen who now teaches at
the University of Oxford. As a result, Ramadan will be unable to speak at events
organized by the ACLU’s clients, the American Academy of Religion, the American
Association of University Professors and PEN American Center.
“The government does not have the authority to exclude foreign scholars at
the border simply because it disagrees with their political views,” said ACLU
staff attorney Jameel Jaffer, who is lead counsel in this case. “To invest the
government with that authority would be to invest it with sweeping power to
manipulate and censor debate inside the United States.”
The ACLU and NYCLU are seeking a preliminary ruling that the government
cannot bar entry to Ramadan based on the ideological exclusion provision, which
authorizes the exclusion of foreigners who endorse terrorism. The groups say
that there is no evidence – and the government has never pointed to any – that
Ramadan approves of terrorism. In fact, they say, Ramadan has repeatedly
condemned terrorism. Two days after the attacks of September 11, 2001, Ramadan
published an open letter calling on Muslims to condemn terrorism, and in 2002,
Ramadan joined a formal “Statement Rejecting Terrorism” issued by 199 prominent
Muslims and Muslim organizations from around the world. Ramadan also strongly
condemned last year’s bus and subway bombings in London, and recently accepted
an invitation from Prime Minister Tony Blair to join a government task force to
combat extremism in the United Kingdom.
The ACLU said Ramadan is not being excluded because of any alleged support of
terrorism, but because he is a vocal critic of American policy in the Middle
East, and of what he calls the “deleterious effects of unregulated
“It would be absurd to suggest that this criticism – the same kind of
criticism that appears every morning in the editorial pages of major American
newspapers – amounts to approval of terrorism,” writes the ACLU in today’s
In a declaration submitted to the court today, Ramadan writes that he first
learned his visa had been revoked on July 28, 2004, nine days before he and his
family were to move to Indiana where he had accepted a tenured teaching position
at the University of Notre Dame. Since then, Ramadan has been forced to reject
numerous invitations from American organizations to lecture, attend conferences
and meet with scholars in the United States, including an invitation from the
Archbishop of Canterbury to participate in a seminar at Georgetown
In December 2005, Ramadan reapplied for a visa and was personally interviewed
in Switzerland by a representative of the Department of Homeland Security, who,
he says, asked him questions about his political associations and viewpoints.
Ramadan said he was told that consideration of his application would likely take
close to two years, and that he could not be assured of receiving a visa even at
the end of that process.
The ACLU is asking the court to issue a preliminary ruling to allow Ramadan
to attend PEN American Center’s “World Voices” Festival in New York, from April
25 to 30.
The American Academy of Religion, the American Association of University
Professors and PEN American Center also submitted affidavits to the court today
arguing that the visa denial violates the First Amendment rights of their
members and impoverishes academic debate inside the United States. In their
legal papers, the ACLU and NYCLU said that the government does not have the
authority to exclude an invited scholar from the country simply because it
disagrees with what he has to say.
“The government should not be abusing immigration laws to censor the ideas we
are allowed to hear,” said ACLU attorney Melissa Goodman. “We are concerned that
the exclusion of Professor Ramadan marks a return to the Cold War days when the
government regularly barred prominent foreign scholars because of their
The case is before Judge Paul A. Crotty of the Southern District of New York.
In addition to Jaffer and Goodman, attorneys in the case are Judy Rabinovitz and
Lucas Guttentag of the ACLU Immigrants Rights Project; Arthur N. Eisenberg of
the NYCLU; and New York immigration lawyer Claudia Slovinsky.
Today’s motion and the Ramadan and plaintiff declarations are online at: www.aclu.org/exclusion