Friends of the Earth: Market Mechanisms Are a False Solution to Biodiversity Loss
NAGOYA, JAPAN - With only one day of negotiations left
at the Convention on Biological Diversity's summit in Nagoya, Japan,
Friends of the Earth International urgently calls on governments to
reject false solutions to halt biodiversity loss, such as trading
biodiversity credits and other market-based mechanisms.
urgent that the world ministers meeting in Nagoya take immediate action
to preserve biodiversity. Nearly half of the world's forests and around
one-third of its species have been lost in the past three decades. The
failure to meet the 2010 goals and targets that have been agreed under
the Convention on Biological Diversity is unacceptable. But market based
mechanisms now being discussed in Nagoya will not address the root
problems of biodiversity loss," said Isaac Rojas, the coordinator for
Friends of the Earth International's Forest and Biodiversity Program.
than 100 representatives of environmental non profit organizations and
local communities met in Penang, Malaysia from October 14 to 17 for a
conference on Forest, Biodiversity, Community Rights and Indigenous
Peoples, organized by Friends of the Earth. They came up with a
statement for governments and corporations, asking them to stop the
promotion of destructive projects and start taking real action to tackle
biodiversity loss. The most important issues addressed in this
statement are the commodification of biodiversity and the rights of
communities and indigenous peoples.
One of the false solutions on
the agenda for discussion in Nagoya is the Green Development Mechanism
(GDM), modeled after the destructive Climate Development Mechanism,
developed within the climate change negotiations. This market based
scheme would create tradable biodiversity credits and make it possible
to offset biodiversity and ecological loss instead of preventing it.
cannot and should not rely on market mechanisms to do the job that
governments should be doing. Commodification and privatization of nature
and biodiversity are false solutions. Biodiversity is not for sale.
Existing financial incentives usually harm biodiversity conservation
rather than supporting it, and often violate the rights of local
communities," said Isaac Rojas.