Tiananmen Mothers Call for Probe of 1989 Crackdown
BEIJING - A group of mothers whose children were killed in pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square 20 years ago has renewed calls to China's leaders for a full investigation.
The Tiananmen Mothers group has issued similar appeals before. The latest comes just months before the protests' 20th anniversary and during a politically sensitive year in which the government is scrambling to deal with concerns about social stability amid the economic crisis.
The open letter, released Friday through the New York-based Human Rights in China group, called for an official investigation, compensation to the victims' families, and punishment for those responsible for the military crackdown on student-led protesters. It also urged Chinese leaders to "break the taboo" against publicly talking about the demonstrations.
China's leaders sent tanks and troops on June 3-4, 1989, to crush the peaceful protests, which were deemed a threat to Communist Party rule. Hundreds - possibly thousands - of people were believed to have been killed.
The government has never allowed for a full accounting of the events and is sensitive to any criticism of its handling of the crisis.
"This will require each deputy to demonstrate extraordinary courage and resourcefulness, political courage and wisdom, to break the taboo and face head-on the unspeakable tragedy that took place 20 years ago and resolve 'June Fourth' with the truth," said the letter, referring to delegates to the annual legislature, which opens March 5. It was signed by 127 people who said their children or family members were victims of the crackdown.
The activist group has released a version of the letter every year for two decades ahead of the annual session of the National People's Congress.
Earlier this week, newspapers in Hong Kong reported that a leading pro-Beijing politician had condemned China's crackdown on the student protests - a rare departure from the central government's official stance.
"Suppressing students was surely wrong," Tsang Yok-sing, who serves as president of Hong Kong's legislature, told university students, the South China Morning Post reported.
Tsang's party, the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong, is seen as a staunch ally of Beijing and rarely criticizes the central government.
But this year is a particularly sensitive time for China's leadership, with several volatile anniversaries that could test the country, including next month's 50th anniversary of a failed Tibetan uprising. Security has already been stepped up in Tibet and predominantly Tibetan areas in western China with the memory of last year's anti-government riots in Lhasa still fresh.
The government has also been wary of the potential for mass social unrest as the continuing economic downturn pushed more than 20 million migrant workers out of jobs in recent months. Thousands of recently unemployed have protested factory shutdowns and demanded back pay in several Chinese cities.