Greenwash: Why 'Clean Coal' is the Ultimate Climate Change Oxymoron

Published on
by
the Guardian/UK

Greenwash: Why 'Clean Coal' is the Ultimate Climate Change Oxymoron

The people who told us for years that climate change was a myth now say it's all true – but something called 'clean coal' can fix it. This is pure and utter greenwash.

by
Fred Pearce

No clean-coal plant that buries carbon has yet been built. Photograph: Robert Nickelsberg/Getty Images

Next week, Americans are being invited to take part in what could become the largest act of civil disobedience against global warming in the country's history. People are protesting at the coal-fired power plant that powers legislators on Capitol Hill in Washington DC.

Cynics
may say it's about time Americans joined the action. The fact is that
too many Americans have been bamboozled for too long by a campaign of
disinformation about the science of climate change.
Many still think the whole question of mankind's role in global warming
is disputed in scientific circles (I expect the comments beneath this
blog will soon demonstrate this point).

Hopefully, that science
battle is slowly being won. But now the big greenwash is coming from
another direction. Now, we have a technology battle. The people who
told us for years how climate change was a myth now say it is all true
- but something called "clean coal" can fix it.

It's hard to keep track of the differing organisations behind this. First there was Americans for Balanced Energy Choices. Last year that merged with the Center for Energy and Economic Development to create the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE). That body is now headlining as something called America's Power.
The one thing they have got is money. Money to try and persuade us that
coal is good, coal is green and coal is the solution to America's
energy needs.

The ACCCE spent $38m last year buying TV, newspaper
and magazine space to persuade Americans that coal can be clean and
carbon-free. The money mostly came from its members in the coal mining,
transportation and burning industries.

You don't see much coal in these ads, though in December its website did feature
some singing lumps of coal called the "clean coal carollers". Sadly
they went shy about that and the carollers now seem to be on
indeterminate holiday leave.

The money doesn't all go into airtime and column inches, of course. According to SourceWatch, almost $1m goes to pay the salary of its president and chief executive officer Stephen L Miller.

But
the big PR question, the one that must earn Miller his remuneration, is
how to rationalise this oxymoron "clean coal". How to square this
carefully created image with inconvenient facts about the fuel's huge
carbon footprint - greater than other fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas.

The
genius is that they don't really try. Blink and you might miss it. That
word "clean" is highly flexible. It can mean what you want it to mean.
So for instance, ACCCE claims that modern coal power plants are "70% cleaner".

It
sounds good. It sounds like coal really is cleaning up. Perhaps the
greenies are behind the times. Call off the demo. But check more
closely and you'll notice that the ACCCE doesn't mention which gases
are covered by this claim. In fact, the industry has cut emissions of
sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides under acid-rain legislation enacted
years ago. That's what the 70% refers to. But it has not cut
planet-warming carbon dioxide emissions.

Its other key strategy is to promote carbon capture and storage
(CCS). That is, the idea of catching carbon dioxide before it goes up
the stack of a power plant, and burying it out of harm's way
underground - forever. It promotes the idea and not the technology,
because there is currently no such technology.

But ACCCE has
faith. It doesn't argue that CCS can solve coal's environment problems.
If it did, it might have to defend its case. Instead, it says
"we believe that American can continue to make great progress in
improving environmental quality while at the same time enjoying the
benefits from using domestic energy sources like coal ... In a word: we
believe in technology." Good for them, but technologists generally rely
on more than faith.

As I have reported here before,
this technology is scientifically conjectural, especially at the
storage end. And even on an optimistic view of its feasibility, it is
at least two decades and several tens of billions of research and
development dollars away from actual commercial operation on any scale.
Don't take my word for it. Check out the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology's study on the matter. Or this study
by the International Energy Agency. Bear in mind these reports were
written before the US government last year pulled out of FutureGen, its
only large-scale R&D programme for carbon-capture technology.

An
industry confident of the technology's future might have been expected
to plug the funding gap and keep right on going. But not so far. An analysis of ACCCE's members
in December by the Center for American Progress found that their total
investment in R&D for carbon capture and storage in recent years
added up to a total of $3.5bn, compared with profits for one year of
$57bn. Sorry, but belief isn't enough. Put up or shut up.

They
should be laughed out of court. But what is most worrying is the
political traction the clean-coal story is gaining. Sadly, President
Obama may be part of the faith brigade. During the election campaign
last year, he was quoted telling the people of Michigan that "you can't
tell me we can't figure out how to burn coal that we mine right here in
the USA and make it work."

It's not a great quote, but it's the best the ACCCE could come up with, and they have run ads with it.

The
trouble with CCS right now is that it is being sold as an imminent fix
when it is very far from that. And it is being sold as a reason to
carry on supporting the coal industry. After all, the argument runs, if
we pull the plug on new coal-fired power plants now, then how will they
fund the R&D that could deliver clean coal one day?

That is a very dangerous argument indeed. It is the reason why Nasa climate scientist James Hansen is supporting the demonstration in DC,
and insists that no new coal-fired power stations should be built
unless and until all their carbon dioxide can be captured and buried
forever.

Sadly, for too many policy-makers, the idea that we can
have coal and tackle climate change at the same time is too good to
miss. Sadly, it is too good to be true.

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