Terrorists Strike In Mumbai

Published on
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The Guardian/UK

Terrorists Strike In Mumbai

Dozens still held hostage in India after night of terror attacks that left hundreds dead and injured

by
Randeep Ramesh, Daniel Pepper and Thomas Bruce in Mumbai, Angela Balakrishnan and agencies

Mumbai police stand guard after shootings took place inside a railway station in Mumbai, November 26, 2008. (Punit Paranjpe/Reuters)

Indian commandos freed hostages from Mumbai's Taj Mahal hotel today
but faced continued resistance in other parts of the city from Islamist
militants still holding between 50 and 200 of hostages and demanding
the release of extremists held in Indian jails.

The commandos
stormed two buildings in the late afternoon, seizing the lobby of the
Oberoi hotel and taking positions around a tower block where a number
of militants were believed to be holed up. Indian television reported
that some hostages were freed from the Oberoi.

Security forces
seized grenades, bullet magazines for AK-47 machine guns and provisions
from the Taj hotel, according to NDTV. A large fire has broken out in
the old wing of the hotel, and NDTV reported more explosions from both
hotels.

A National Security Guard spokesman said 200 more NSG
commandos were being rushed to Mumbai. An Indian army major, quoted by
the Times of India, said the force was preparing for a final assault.

Link to video.
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The gunmen arrived yesterday in India's financial capital by boat before fanning out to launch a series of bloody attacks
on luxury hotels, restaurants, a rail terminus and an ultra-orthodox
Jewish centre, killing more than 100 people. British and Americans were
reportedly rounded up as hostages.

Today, one of the kidnappers in the Oberoi said the hostages,
some of whom were believed to be westerners, would only be released if
"mujahideens" and Islamic militants were released from Indian jails.

The
kidnapper, who identified himself as Sahadullah, told Indian TV that he
was one of seven attackers inside the Oberoi hotel. "Release all the
mujahideens, and Muslims living in India should not be troubled," he
said.

India's prime minister said the government would ensure
those responsible did not escape the law. Manmohan Singh said in a
national address: "We intend to ensure the safety of our citizens. We
salute the police and men who lay down their lives in fighting these
terrorists.

"The well-planned and well-orchestrated attacks,
probably with external linkages, were intended to create a sense of
terror by choosing high-profile targets."

Police and gunmen exchanged heavy fire early this morning and a number of people managed to flee the Taj Mahal hotel.

The
deputy state chief of Maharashtra, RR Patil, confirmed the commandos
had caught one militant alive as they tried to flush them out of the
hotels.

"They have held a few people hostages," he said.
"Therefore, the operation is taking place at a slower pace. Five have
been killed and one has been caught alive. We have got all the
information."

Gunmen seized the Mumbai headquarters of the
ultra-orthodox Jewish outreach group Chabad Lubavitch. Commandos
surrounded the building this morning and witnesses said gunfire could
be heard from inside.

A militant holed up in the centre phoned an
Indian television channel to offer talks with the government for the
release of hostages, but also to complain about abuses in Indian
Kashmir. "Ask the government to talk to us and we will release the
hostages," said the man, identified by the India TV channel as Imran,
speaking in Urdu with what sounded like a Kashmiri accent.

"Are you aware how many people have been killed in Kashmir? Are you aware how your army has killed Muslims?" he said.

One
police officer who encountered the gunmen as they entered the Jewish
centre told the Guardian the attackers were "white", although this
could mean they were paler-skinned Indians from the country's north.

"I
went into the building late last night," he said. "I got a shock
because they were white. I was expecting them to look like us. They
fired three shots. I fired 10 back.

"We know they have kept five
Jewish families as hostages. They are in the building below the flat
where the terrorists are in. Every time the Jewish families try to move
out, the terrorists shoot them. They have grenades, they have AK47s.
The neighbours told us these men had brought 100kg of chicken. They
want to last out for a few days."

A senior government official
for Maharashtra state said the dead included at least one Briton, an
Australian and a Japan. The Italian foreign ministry in Rome said an
Italian was killed.

A German media manager named as 51-year-old
Ralph Burkei died from his injuries after trying to escape from an
upper floor of the Taj hotel.

"Ralph wanted to flee from an upper
floor of the building but he fell," Munich's Abendzeitung newspaper
quoted an unnamed friend as saying. The friend said Burkei called on
his mobile phone from a lower rooftop saying: "I've broken all the
bones in my body. If no one helps me right now, I won't make it."
Burkei died on the way to hospital.

The home secretary for
Maharashtra state, Bipin Shrimali, said four suspects were killed at
two battle scenes in Mumbai when they tried to flee in cars, while four
more gunmen were reported killed at the Taj Mahal hotel.

Reports
said a previously unknown group calling itself the Deccan Mujahideen
had claimed responsibility for the attacks in emails to several media
outlets. There was no way to verify that claim.

Witnesses said
the attackers were young south Asian men in their early 20s, most
likely of Indian nationality, and spoke Hindi or Urdu.

Dr George
Kassimeris, an expert in conflict and terrorism at the University of
Wolverhampton, said the terrorists behind the coordinated attacks had
followed a "blueprint" created by al-Qaida.

Professor Richard
Bonney, the author of Jihad: From Qu'ran To Bin Laden, said: "This
attack looks more dangerous and better planned, though not directed
against possible government targets but economic ones and of course the
western allies."

A spokesman for the Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-E-Taiba denied it was involved.

Mumbai is today a ghost town, with the normally chaotic and crowded streets eerily still.

The Indian navy said its forces had boarded and were searching a cargo vessel suspected of ties to the attacks.

Navy spokesman Captain Manohar Nambiar said the ship, the MV Alpha from Karachi, Pakistan, had recently docked at Mumbai.

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