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Canada Will Not Join U.S. Missile Defense System
Published on Wednesday, February 23, 2005 by Reuters
Canada Will Not Join U.S. Missile Defense System
by David Ljunggren

OTTAWA - After a political uproar, Canadian officials made clear on Tuesday the country will not sign on to a controversial U.S. missile defense system, a decision likely to be seen as a snub to President Bush.

The move represents an about face for Prime Minister Paul Martin, who in the run-up to a federal election last June said he thought Canada should be part of a system designed to protect the North American continent.

But Martin lost his parliamentary majority in that election and is now struggling to keep his minority government afloat with the support of a smaller left-leaning party which is strongly opposed to missile defense.

"The prime minister plans to announce this week that Canada will not be a part of the missile defense system," a senior official told Reuters late on Tuesday.

Canadian media quoted their own federal government sources as saying Canada would not take part.

The State Department had no reaction to the news.

Making matters more uncomfortable for Martin is the fact that his ruling Liberal Party is split over the idea of signing on to the system and the government already faces a battle to ensure its first budget -- due to be presented on Wednesday -- is not rejected by Parliament.

Bush visited Ottawa last December and publicly urged Martin on three separate occasions to sign on to a network designed to fend off attacks from "rogue states" like North Korea.

The Canadian decision marks the second time in less than two years that Ottawa has gone against Bush's wishes. In March 2003, former Liberal prime minister Jean Chretien enraged Washington by refusing to take part in the war on Iraq.

Martin took over from Chretien in late 2003 and promised to develop a more mature relationship with the United States.

Canada has been holding talks with Washington for the last 18 months on whether to formally join the proposed network and officials had let it be known there were few obstacles to Canadian participation.

But the prospects for a final agreement dimmed after the June election. Martin's survival now depends in large part on the minority New Democrats, who oppose missile defense on the grounds that it could lead to a new arms race.

The system is also deeply unpopular in French-speaking Quebec, a powerful province where the Liberals will need to boost flagging support if they are to win the next election.

Earlier in the day, Ottawa's new ambassador to the United States caused an uproar by saying that a pact the two neighbors signed last year on boosting North American defense cooperation and intelligence sharing meant Canada was effectively already part of the missile defense system.

Opposition politicians angrily accused Martin of deception, saying he had promised to allow the House of Commons to debate the matter first.

"How could this prime minister secretly make this decision, clearly breaking every commitment he's made to this House and to Canadians?" demanded Stephen Harper, leader of the official opposition Conservative Party.

© Reuters 2005


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