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US, EU Set Sanctions as Crimea Moves Fast to Join Russia

Kiev responds with military mobilization as US and EU call Sunday's vote "illegimitate" and calculate new sanctions

- Jon Queally, staff writer

People celebrate in Lenin Square after a day of voting in Simferopol, Ukraine. Crimeans turned out in large numbers Sunday to vote on whether to break away from Ukraine. (Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images)UPDATE (2:30 PM EST): US and EU Fire Off Sanctions at Russian officials over Ukraine

The Guardian reports:

The US and the European Union have retaliated over the Crimea referendum by targeting sanctions against Russians and Ukrainians.

European foreign ministers imposed EU-wide sanctions on Monday against 21 Russian and Ukrainian officials linked to unrest in Crimea. Washington followed up an hour later with a list of its own, targeting seven top Russian government officials and politicians and four Crimea-based separatist leaders accused of undermining the "democratic processes and institutions in Ukraine".

Barack Obama is to visit Europe next week for discussion of the crisis with allies. Speaking to journalists at the White House, he said the new sanctions increase the costs on the Russian government for its actions

"If Russia continues to interfere in Ukraine, we stand ready to impose further sanctions," Obama said.

EARLIER:

Members of Crimea's regional parliament are on their way to Moscow on Monday in order to discuss with Russian leaders the next steps toward finalizing their formal secession from Ukraine following a referendum on Sunday in which citizens voted overwhelmingly to join the Russian Federation and rejecting ties to what they see as an "illegitimate" government in Kiev.

In an announcement on its website, the newly declared independent government of Crimea announced it has "made a proposal to the Russian Federation to admit the Republic of Crimea as a new subject with the status of a republic."

Crimea’s new prime minister, Sergei Aksyonov, told reporters that the results, in which more than 95% voted to re-join Russia, "speak for themselves."

The response from Kiev, however, reveals the contentious nature of the developments as the interim government there called up 20,000 reservists from the Ukraine military and declared another 20,000 to duty for what is being called a new "national guard" force.

European governments and the U.S., which have repeatedly promised not to accept the result of the referendum, are now planning their response. EU officials are meeting in Brussels on Monday to discuss possible sanctions against Moscow for what they charge is illegal Russian interference.

In Washington late Sunday night, President Obama again spoke with Russian President Vladimir Putin over the crisis. According to White House officials, Obama warned Putin that Crimea's independence “would never be recognized by the United States and the international community.” Though Obama made clear no military options were on the table and a reiterated his desire for a diplomatic solution, he again warned Putin that the U.S. was "prepared to impose additional costs on Russia for its actions.”

Putin is scheduled to speak about the latest developments on Tuesday.

In the meantime, and despite a protest march in opposition to the situation in Crimea on the streets of Moscow over the weekend, Russian lawmakers in the Federation Council voiced support for the region with historic ties to Russia returning as a new republic.

As was evidenced in celebrations on Sunday night in cities across Crimea, those eager to rejoin Russia were jubilant. For those wary of returning to Moscow's sphere, including ethnic Tatars on the peninsula with an uneasy history of living under Soviet rule and those sympathetic to the new government that has seized power in Kiev, the days ahead remain full of uncertainty.

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