Published on Friday, December 21, 2001 by Common Dreams
25 Things We Know: Summing-Up Post-9/11
by Bernard Weiner
As the first year in the new millennium draws to a close, it might help us
sort out what’s happened in the past three+ months -- and thus how to respond
-- by compiling a summary list of What We Know.
1. As was the case with various other major mass-murder bombings (East African embassies, USS Cole in Yemen, U.S. barracks in Saudia Arabia, etc.) we know that Osama bin Laden’s Al Qaeda was behind the Twin Towers/Pentagon attacks.
2. We know that the Bush Administration, like the administrations before it, was exceedingly lax when it came to security matters, including the amassing and analysis of intelligence about terror groups. (But the CIA and FBI, rather than being investigated and perhaps punished, got their budgets increased instead.)
3. We know that the Bush Administration and its corporate friends had its eyes on Afghanistan as a possible war zone -- and possible location for a Central Asian oil pipeline -- before September 11.
4. We know that the Bush Administration was wise enough to see in 9/11 the homeland beginnings of the new type of war -- low-tech means to carry out high-tech-like results -- and began to organize a war on terrorism that is worldwide in scope and ambition.
5. We know that the Bush Administration made secret bilateral deals with various countries in order to bring them into this anti-terrorist coalition, specifically with Russia, the “’stans,” perhaps China and Indonesia also.
6. We know that the Bush policy of massive bombing from the air, combined with support for the local anti-Taliban forces on the ground (and then introducing select U.S. units on the ground), was able to do much more psychological and logistical damage that was originally thought could be possible in such a limited time-frame.
7. We know that the Taliban and Al Qaeda made strategic withdrawals and “surrenders” in order not to engage the overwhelming force against them, and disappeared into Pakistan, the mountains, the villages, conserving their strength for other battles later. In short, we’re in a deceptively quiet period at the moment.
8. We know that even with a U.S. policy of limiting “collateral damage” to civilians, perhaps as many as several thousand innocent Afghans were killed and injured, and several million became internal refugees.
9. We know that bin Laden and his network have chemical, biological and nuclear ambitions, and may well have created crude weapons of mass destruction.
10. We know that even with the arrests and detentions of Al Qaeda agents and supporters, “sleeper” agents are still living in the 60 nations where bin Laden has operatives. US intelligence agencies estimate that about 70% of Al Qaeda’s sleepers are still in place around the world.
11. We know that even if Bush had no exact foreknowledge of 9/11 events, he has used those terrorist attacks -- and the popular response of the citizenry to his handling of the crisis -- as a “cover” to try to force his right-wing social and economic agenda through the Congress, and has been fairly successful in so doing.
12. We know that Bush feels emboldened by his high popularity ratings to even attempt an end-around the Constitution’s Bill of Rights in terms of shrinking civil-liberties protections for those suspected of terrorist connections -- all this rationalized by “protecting the homeland” and “national security.” And, by and large, a frightened citizenry has gone along, preferring security seemingly at any price -- and not paying much attention to how quickly citizens can be treated like non-citizens.
13. We know that the Democrats in Congress have felt constrained to support Bush’s anti-terrorist policies -- even when many of them knew the damage those policies could cause to representative democracy and the Constitution -- because of fear of being seen as insufficiently “patriotic.” And so, frustrated as hell by their war constraints, they are (thank goodness!) being much less friendly to the Bush agenda on other domestic matters.
14. We know that so successful and swift has the U.S.-led coalition been in the early weeks, with Muslim opposition fairly muted and containable, that the Bush Administration feels it can begin attacks in other countries suspected of harboring terrorists.
15. We know that there is no clearly understood definition of the word “terrorist.” One man’s or country’s “terrorist” is another man’s or country’s “freedom fighter.” So far, this fuzziness of definition has not caused major problems -- but it surely will.
16. We know that there has been no declaration of a State of War by the Congress, only a resolution authorizing the President to do what must be done in combating the terrorists responsible for the 9/11 attack on the U.S. mainland.
17. We know that, especially in the heartland captured by Bush in 2000 but way beyond as well, a new kind of McCarthyism is rearing its head, taking its lead from Bush’s “you’re-either-with-us-or-you’re-with-the-terrorists” kind of demagoguery and Ashcroft’s equation of criticism with aiding terrorists. Already, those deemed insufficiently patriotic are being blacklisted in academia and journalism, with the result being self-censorship.
18. We know that because of Bush’s popularity and the way anti-terror war news dominates the headlines and energies, so many aspects of Bush’s right-wing policies are going insufficiently examined, especially with regard to environmental and judicial matters. And the Enron scandal, which involves Bush on the periphery, is barely visible, whereas Whitewater was front-page scandal for months.
19. We know that because the Muslim reaction in the Middle East has been relatively muted, the U.S. decided it didn’t need to do anything major to keep the Palestinians happy. It said the right words about the need for a “Palestinian state,” but it essentially left the Palestinians to the tender mercies of Ariel Sharon’s military campaign.
20. We know that if Arafat is eliminated as the Palestinians’ viable leader, the Israelis will have to face Hamas and Hizbollah, which the U.S. has declared are terrorist organizations.
21. We know that Israeli intelligence officials have acknowledged that peace and security will not, and cannot, be obtained through military means, and that only a political settlement will work.
22. We know that peace and security will come in the Middle East when, and only when, Israel withdraws from the Occupied Territories -- including withdrawing all Israelis from the settlements (thus turning them over to returning Palestinian refugees -- and the Palestinians formally acknowledge Israel’s right to exist and agree to international status for Jerusalem. But knowing that -- and knowing that the Israelis and Palestinians also know that -- means nothing in the current violence unless somebody else steps in to help arrange the peace. The U.S. must be at the heart of that peace-making process.
23. We know that helping bring peace to the Palestine area will also, in the long run, reduce the impetus for terrorism among fundamentalist Arabs. Along the same lines, we know that alterting other policies in the Mideast likewise will help alter the soil in which terrorism grows -- such as more economic justice and jobs, such as removing U.S. troops from Saudi Arabia, such as encouraging more democratic reforms in the area, etc. We know that Bush, thinking that armed intervention and threats can do the job, does not want to alter U.S. Policy along these lines.
24. We know that we could significantly reduce our dependence on Mideast oil (perhaps as much as 20%) -- with the concomitant political ramifications -- simply by legislatively ordering that our automobiles be made more energy-efficient, say, by five miles more per gallon. We know that Bush does not want to do this.
25. We know that the progressive left is in disarray, not certain how to respond to Bush’s expanded-war policies and civil liberties outrages. But we also know that we have to devise a strategy -- one that includes reasonable policies to go after the fanatic terrorist cells and networks -- before full-fledged fascism is the “wartime” norm in this country.
Bernard Weiner, Ph.D., has taught at Western Washington University and San Diego State University; he was with the San Francisco Chronicle for nearly 20 years. E-mail: YonWax2@aol.com