|FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE|
DECEMBER 15, 2004
|CONTACT: Amnesty International
Fax number +44-20-79561157
Refugees Must be Protected
RAWANDA -- December 15 -- Amnesty International today urged the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and countries in the Great Lakes region to provide robust protection and assistance to Rwandese refugees.|
"Repatriating refugees to Rwanda prematurely for the sake of political and financial expediency will only cause unnecessary human suffering and set the stage for further unrest," the organization warned. "The focus should be on ensuring viable solutions based on the informed and voluntary consent of refugees."
In a new report, Protecting their rights: Rwandese refugees in the Great Lakes region, Amnesty International provides a critical examination of past and present voluntary repatriation operations in Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and other countries in the region. The report also clearly sets out why conditions in Rwanda continue to warrant the international protection of Rwandese refugees.
Refugees from the Great Lakes region, and particularly those now in Tanzania, are facing increasingly severe restrictions on their movement, income generation activities, cuts in their food rations and pressure from their home and host governments to repatriate.
"There seems to be a concerted effort in the Great Lakes region to thwart international refugee law and deny protection to legitimate Rwandese refugees. However, no one can honestly claim that there has been a fundamental and durable change in the human rights situation in Rwanda that would eliminate many refugees well-founded fear of persecution", Amnesty International said.
The reports main findings include:
Amnesty International is urging host countries and the government of Rwanda to protect the rights of Rwandese refugees and to honour their obligations under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the Organization of African States Refugee Convention. All countries with the capacity to provide aid and material assistance should do so and donor countries must honour the pledges they make regarding the assistance of refugees.
September 2002 meetings between UNHCR, Rwanda and Tanzania led to a change in UNHCR policy regarding Rwandese refugees. The agency moved from merely facilitating voluntary returns to the promotion of voluntary repatriation.
With the September 2002 change in UNHCR policy towards Rwandese refugees a host of tripartite agreements were negotiated between the UNHCR, Rwanda and a number of African countries hosting Rwandese refugees: Central African Republic, Burundi and Tanzania in 2002 and Zambia, the Republic of Congo, Uganda, Malawi, Namibia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe in 2003. An estimated 55,756 Rwandese refugees have been repatriated since the September 2002 shift in policy. UNHCR hopes to bring home all remaining Rwandese refugees, approximately 60,000, within the next 12 months, 40,000 of them in 2004.