Published on Monday, November 28, 2005 by Reuters
EU States That Held CIA Jails Could Face Sanctions
by Mark Trevelyan
BERLIN - Any European Union state that secretly hosted a CIA prison faces loss of its voting rights, and Washington should punish any violations that occurred, an EU commissioner said on Monday.
Franco Frattini, commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security, said that under EU law, if reports of secret CIA jails were true, states would face "serious consequences, including the suspension of the right to vote in the Council".
Frattini told a news conference he would be obliged by EU treaties to recommend the suspension to the Council, which brings together ministers of the 25 member countries and is the bloc's main decision-making body.
The comments were his most explicit to date on the implications for any country found to have hosted a secret CIA facility for interrogating terrorism suspects.
A suspension of voting rights for a member country would take the EU into uncharted territory.
It would require the unanimous backing of all the other member states plus the approval of the European Parliament, said an EU source familiar with the bloc's workings.
"You can imagine how difficult it would be to get unanimity on that. It has never happened before," he said.
The Washington Post this month reported the existence of secret CIA jails in Eastern Europe. Campaign group Human Rights Watch named Poland, already an EU member, and Romania, which hopes to join in 2007, as the most likely hosts.
Both deny it, a position reiterated on Monday by outgoing Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski.
"Such prisons do not exist on Polish territory ... and there have not been any," Kwasniewski said.
"NO U.S. ASSURANCES"
Frattini, attending a security conference in Berlin, said a senior Commission official raised the report with the White House and State Department on a visit to Washington last week, but U.S. officials asked for more time to respond.
"Right now, unfortunately (we have) no formal reassurances on that," he said.
"They told us: 'Give us the appropriate time to evaluate the situation'," Frattini said.
Asked about possible consequences for EU-U.S. relations, he said: "Our attitude will depend on how long ... it will take" for Washington to respond to the allegations.
He said the EU's first request to the U.S. government would be to "punish, very strongly" any violations.
The secret jail report has prompted a new wave of concern about U.S. tactics in its war on terrorism among European governments and public opinion, already critical of U.S. prisoner abuse in Iraq and the holding of hundreds of detainees for years at the U.S. base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
The continent's leading human rights watchdog, the Council of Europe, is investigating the prison allegation and has asked all European governments to respond to it by February.
It is also probing flights by 31 aircraft allegedly operated by the CIA which it suspects may have been used to transfer terrorism suspects secretly across international borders and deliver them to countries where they may have been abused or tortured.
Frattini said the flights were an issue between the United States and individual EU governments -- at least eight of which have asked Washington for clarification.
German officials said they expected new Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier to raise the matter during his first official visit to Washington, starting on Monday.
"The Americans themselves know that this is a topic that damages their image in the world and weakens the attractiveness of the American system," Karsten Voigt, government coordinator for U.S. relations, said in a radio interview.
(Additional reporting by Natalia Reiter in Warsaw and Mark John in Brussels)
© Reuters 2005