Published on Thursday, November 28, 2002 by the Boston Globe
Some See Kissinger as Wrong Man for the Job
by Fred Kaplan
NEW YORK - President Bush called him ''one of our nation's most accomplished and respected public servants,'' but the selection of Henry Kissinger to chair the independent commission investigating the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks left critics shaking their heads in wonder.
''The Bush administration did not want an objective inquiry into the disastrous intelligence failures,'' Hitchens said yesterday, `'and having an inquiry chaired by Henry Kissinger is the next best thing.''
Kissinger is regarded by many as a distinguished author, academic, and statesman. ''He's also spent much of his life in New York, feels deeply the loss that came to that city and to our country,'' Bush said. ''Dr. Kissinger will bring broad experience, clear thinking, and careful judgment to this important task.''
But when Scott Armstrong, founder of the National Security Archive and a former staff member of Senate Watergate committee was told of yesterday's news, he laughed for a solid minute.
Armstrong's disbelief stemmed from two considerations. First, Kissinger, 79, no longer commands the universal respect he enjoyed when he invented shuttle-diplomacy in the Middle East, opened a corridor to China as President Nixon's national security adviser, and won a Nobel Peace Prize for what seemed at the time to be achievements toward ending the war in Vietnam.
Second, Armstrong wonders whether, as head of Kissinger Associates, an international consulting firm, has a conflict of interest in even accepting the appointment.
Although this client list has never been made public - and an assistant for Kissinger repeated in a phone conversation yesterday that its contents are private - reports have widely circulated that it includes Persian Gulf states, oil companies, and transportation firms.
''He has so many clients whose interests are so completely tied up in the results of this investigation,'' Armstrong said. ''The minute you start talking about clerics in Saudi Arabia, it's in no way in the interests of his clients for the whole truth to be told.''
Speaking briefly with reporters at the White House, Kissinger said his panel is ''under no restrictions, and we will accept no restrictions,'' in carrying out the investigation.
He promised to meet regularly with victims' families. ''To the families concerned, there's nothing that can be done about the losses they've suffered,'' he said. ''But everything must be done to avoid that such a tragedy can occur again.''
But Hitchens called Kissinger ''a guy who's had two careers of massive deception. First as an official lying to Congress about Cambodia; then as the author of three volumes of memoirs, in which he falsified major matters, including negotiations on Vietnam, Angola, and collusion with Indonesia on East Timor - this is fact, not assertion, as attested by recently declassified documents.
''Now to be offered a third career as a cover-up artist,'' Hitchens said, ''is truly scandalous.''
Jesse Incao, an assistant to Kissinger, said yesterday that the former diplomat was unavailable for comments or interviews yesterday.
Kissinger has disparaged both Hitchens and his accusations on the few occasions when he has been prompted to comment on them. Former US Ambassador Jack F. Matlock Jr. has also attacked Hitchens's book, in the New York Times Book Review, as a ''intemperate diatribe'' and ''a propaganda screed.''
The Kissinger appointment received favorable notice from some Democrats yesterday. Senator Bob Graham of Florida, the ranking member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, echoed Bush's statement, ''Henry Kissinger brings a great depth of experience, wisdom, and respect to the chairmanship of the independent commission.'' Graham added, ''I have had the opportunity to know Dr. Kissinger for many years and we have had an excellent relationship.''
Kissinger chaired a presidential commission once before, in 1984, when Ronald Reagan appointed him to a panel on US policy toward Central America. The panel recommended an $8 billion foreign aid program, including ''significantly increased'' military assistance to El Salvador, for helping to ward off what were then perceived as threats from Cuba and the Sandinista government of Nicaragua.
Reagan did not completely follow the urgings on economic aid, but did use the Kissinger report as a further rationale for stepped-up arms shipments to the ''contras,'' who were waging a guerrilla war to topple the Sandanistas.
News accounts from the time report that Reagan named Kissinger to the panel because he was the nation's most widely respected authority on foreign policy.
Although Kissinger still has his defenders and remains a sought-after figure for television talk shows and newspaper Op-Ed pages, he is now also the object of controversy, brought on by disclosures and lawsuits in the decades since he was in office.
Hitchens is not the only person who has raised questions about Kissinger's involvement with the 1973 coup in Chile. In May 2001, a French court subpoenaed Kissinger to testify in connection with a lawsuit brought by relatives of five French citizens who ''disappeared'' during Augusto Pinochet's coup. Kissinger, who was in Paris at the time, had no legal obligation to respond to the subpoena, and did not.
Armstrong raises another issue. When Kissinger left government in 1976, he took thousands of State Department documents, to help him write his memoirs, and has not returned many of them, despite official urgings.
''He's a man with a private sense of history,'' Armstrong said. ''He does not have a credible approach to assuring the public that he's interested in getting to the bottom of things or that he will do so through an open process. If he discovers 10 percent more than what we already know, people will assume there's 50 percent more behind the scenes. If he discovers 50 percent more, people will assume the story's completely on its head.''
Walter Isaacson, chairman of CNN and author of a Kissinger biography, told National Public Radio yesterday that Kissinger might be inclined to go after the CIA and FBI for faulty intelligence analysis.
''He's particularly good at wanting to make sure intelligence gets put in an analytical framework. He got impatient with those who refused to do so.'' However, Isaacson added, ''He has an intuitive feel for how foreign policy works, though not quite the same intuitive feel for the workings of an open democracy.''
© Copyright 2002 Globe Newspaper Company